Redefining Health in the 21st Century

What we can’t define, we can’t find; for our definition determines our destination. One of humanity’s greatest debacle is the allegiance to history as a standard for the present and the future. Humanity is so much indebted to old thoughts to the point where, thinking something new seems like a disloyalty to the legends of old. History should not be a status quo or an imperative standard for the present and the future, but an inspiration for the correction of the present and the redirection of the future for a better destiny for mankind. With respect to achieving health for all in the 21st century, humanity must outgrow old thoughts and ways, to the expounding of new methods, approaches, ideologies, and strategies in securing health for mankind. “The significant problems we are facing cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we where at when we created them.

In the past, health was defined as having both body and mind working in good order, free from diseases and pains. If this assertion has been unable to provide humanity with insight on securing health for humanity, then it is expedient for humanity to think out of the status quo. There is no way humanity can resolve the health challenges of the 21st century except in the courage of exploring the unknown. With respect to the 21st century health plan, health is defined as an integrated state of being, of the human body, soul, and spirit functioning in absolute soundness. Thus, health is not necessarily the absence of pains or physical symptoms of sicknesses and diseases. There are individuals with no symptoms of pains, sickness and diseases, yet they are close to their grave. There are equally people who died without having any physical symptoms of pains or disease. Though they seemed to be fine, yet they died suddenly because they were not healthy.

Health is much more than the absence of pains or disease, but an integrated state of being with the human body, soul, and spirit functioning in absolute soundness. Health is an integrated effect with a cause; which implies, health is not a coincidence or an accidental occurrence but the resultant effect of the relative functioning of the human body, soul and spirit in absolute soundness. Let me make this clear, health is not a challenge we can resolve by our shallow efforts. That is why despite all human efforts in achieving health, health has remained a severe challenge. To achieve health for all in the 21st century, humanity must stop joking. We must realize that, we are dealing with a challenge which if not resolved, billions of humans may be wiped out before the end of this century. For health to be achieved in the 21st century, humanity must adopt a more comprehensive and integrated approach taking into consideration the total human being; body, soul and spirit. I hope by now we are civilized enough to know that the human being is not an animal but a complex being with three related dimensions (body, soul and spirit).Any health plan which focuses only on one dimension of the human being will end in failure. A human being must improve in his body, soul and spirit to enjoy health.

Insight on the Human Being:

The human being is the most complex specie in all of existence. Until now, little has been discovered about the human being. What is in existence as information concerning the human being is but “skeleton”. The human being is a world yet unexploited. The ignorance about the totality and the truism of the human being is the greatest challenge to human evolution and progress. The full understanding of the truism of the human being will be the end of human misery and frustration. The human being is essentially a supernatural being, possessing a soul and living inside a body. This assertion is a universal truth agreed upon by all Universalists and equally confirmed in the universal lab manual or the divine constitution. The spirit of man is the ‘real estate’ of man, with the soul as the intermediary between the spirit of man and the body. The human spirit possesses the science of life, which defines humans as having the supremacy over all external factors.

When this consciousness is transferred to the human soul and body, human immunity and resistance against sicknesses and diseases is enhanced. The fact that the human body is the only visible dimension of the human being does not define the body as the sole constituent of man. Limiting the human being to just his physical body can be the most tragic error. Humans are not animals. The most tragic academic mistake is that of classifying humans and animals under the same group. This academic mistake is due to the limited perspective about the human being. This perspective considers the human body as the sole constituent of man. This academic mistake has produced a low mentality and consciousness among humans. Today, humans live and behave as animals because of this error. Humans even suffer the same fate as animals. The day has finally come to eradicate this human ignorance.

Health versus healing

One of the errors humanity has made for several centuries is that of substituting health for healing. This error has lasted for so long that humanity has unconsciously resorted to healing programs in the name of health programs.
Healing itself being the gradual recovery of a sick or diseased human is different from health, which is a state of absolute soundness (body, soul and spirit). Substituting health for healing makes humanity more reactive than pro-active. When we focus on health, we become more pro-active and preventive than reactive.

Focusing on healing entails allowing the human being to first of all be attacked by sickness and disease before looking for her recovery. While health involves pro-active investment to have a human being sound in body, soul and spirit as an integrated effort towards freedom from sicknesses and diseases. Healing is a recovering and a relief from pains but health is a state of being. One can be healed today and sick tomorrow but health implies, an individual is sound in body, soul and spirit. Friend, healing as to health is relatively cheap and sometimes easy to come by, but health is a breakthrough which demands a lot of focus and concentration on one’s body, soul and spirit conditions.

With respect to the 21st century health plan, sickness and disease is considered as an effected state of being, caused by a deficiency in one’s body, soul and spirit condition. This implies, an individual is unhealthy, sick and diseased as long as there exists a deficiency in his/her body, soul, and spirit condition. This explains why people sometime die without any sort of outward sickness or pains. The issue is that, we think a sick person must be under some kind of pains. There are people looking relatively OK, but terribly sick. This is because not all diseases are physical. Body sicknesses can be easily diagnosed, but sicknesses of the soul and of the spirit can not be diagnosed through any medical means. Thus, for a person to be termed healthy, such must maintain a relative state of soundness in body, soul and spirit. Equal and relative functioning of the human body, soul and spirit in perfect harmony and soundness is the everlasting access to health.

Most of what is described as health centres today are but healing centres yet to arrive the full status of a health centre. A healing centre is any centre, be it medical, psychiatric or religious centre where the sick and diseased are cater for or ministered to. While a health centre is a centre of integrated science, where profound and prolific insight on the human being (body, soul and spirit) are communicated and imparted; so as to empower humans both in their body, soul and spirit to forever triumph over sicknesses and diseases. Such a centre must be a research centre which progressively researches on both academic, scientific and insightful divine information and intelligence needed for human supremacy over sicknesses and diseases. Healing requires medication but health requires much more than medication. The greatest investment in health realization is information.

I am not talking here of ordinary knowledge; I am talking of advanced academic, scientific and divine knowledge containing the truth which unveils the truism of the human being (body, soul and spirit) with all their relative needs and demands. Thus, when you find a true health centre, you will see a place where the total science of the human being is unveiled, with teachers and doctors who are inter-comprehensive, possessing rare insight on the total science of human existence and functionality. Presently, such centres are non existent. This is the greatest challenge of the 21st century.

The entire world is doted with healing centres catering and administering to the sick and diseased without any investment in their education with respect to achieving health. This has led to the situation we have today of human beings constantly victimized and perpetually dependent on drugs and other healing mediums without ever graduating to health. You may ask what my proposition is: my proposition is for every healing centre to combine her efforts of relieving those who are sick and diseased with educating the people on health sciences. This is the only way we can triumph over sicknesses and diseases in the 21st century. Healing – Health = a victimized human, one perpetually dependent on drugs, instead of the truism of health.

It seems to me that, humanity is losing faith on pursuing total health. We have been cowed by numerous health challenges to the point where, we are instead studying how to function in abnormalities. The general slogan in most places today is how to live with AIDS, malaria, or any other disease. Such cowardly approach and attitude can not be rewarded with insight on human triumph over sicknesses and diseases. While seeking for better ways in relieving the sick and the diseased, we should not fail to embark on continuous research, so as to uncover the truth which will forever empower humans to triumph over sicknesses and diseases. This is the challenge of the 21st century.

It was believed that, no one could ever reach the summit of Mount Everest; thousands attempted and failed; and their failure reinforced the belief of the world. When the world slept in their pessimism, a man by name Edmond Hilary forced the world to change their belief; by getting to the top of Mount Everest. It was equally believed that a metal object could not fly. The Wright brothers equally forced the world to change their belief by their invention of the aero plane. The world presently believes that total health is impossible for the human being. I believe we are that generation to change that assertion. Let’s muster enough courage and faith. We can make it. Health is an integrated state of being, with the human body, soul and spirit functioning in absolute soundness.

Which Health Insurance Plan Is Best for Me?

Health insurance has proven itself of great help and financial aid in certain cases when events turn out unexpectedly. In times when you are ill and when your health is in grave jeopardy and when finances seem to be incapable to sustain for your care, health insurance is here to the rescue. A good health insurance plan will definitely make things better for you.

Basically, there are two types of health insurance plans. Your first option is the indemnity plans, which includes the fee-for-services and the second is the managed care plans. The differences between these two include the choice offered by the providers, the amount of bills the policy holder has to pay and the services covered by the policy. As you can always hear there is no ultimate or best plan for anyone.

As you can see, there are some plans which may be way better than the others. Some may be good for you and your family’s health and medical care needs. However, amidst the sweet health insurance plan terms presented, there are always certain drawbacks that you may come to consider. The key is, you will have to wisely weigh the benefits. Especially that not among these plans will pay for all the financial damages associated with your care.

The following are a brief description about the health insurance plans that might be fitting for you and your family’s case.

Indemnity Plans

Flexible Spending Plans – These are the types of health insurance plans that are sponsored when you are working for a company, or any employer. These are the care plans inclusive in your employee benefit package. Some of the specific types of benefits included in this plan are the multiple options pre-tax conversion plan, medical plans plus flexible spending accounts, tax conversion plan, and employer credit cafeteria plans. You can always ask your employer of the benefits included in your health care/insurance plans.

Indemnity Health Plans – This type of health insurance plan allows you to choose your own health care providers. You are given the freedom to go to any doctor, medical institution, or other health care providers for a set monthly premium. The insurance plan will reimburse you and your health care provider according to the services rendered. Depending on the health insurance plan policy, there are those that offers limit on individual expenses, and when that expense is reached, the health insurance will cover for the remaining expenses in full. Sometimes, indemnity health insurance plans impose restrictions on services covered and may require prior authorization for hospital care and other expensive services.

Basic and Essential Health Plans – It provides a limited health insurance benefit at a considerably low insurance cost. In opting for this kind of health insurance plan, it is necessary that one should read the policy description giving special focus on covered services. There are plans which may not cover on some basic treatments, certain medical services such as chemotherapy, maternity care or certain prescriptions. Also, rates vary considerably since unlike other plans, premiums consider age, gender, health status, occupation, geographic location, and community rated.

Health Savings Accounts – You own and control the money in your HSA. This is the recent alternative to the old fashioned health insurance plans. These are savings product designed to offer policy holders different way to pay for their health care. This type of insurance plan allows the individual to pay for the current health expenses and also save for untoward future qualified medical and retiree health costs on a tax-free basis. With this health care plan, you decide on how your money is spent. You make all the decisions without relying on any third party or a health insurer. You decide on which investment will help your money grow. However, if you sign up for an HSA, High Deductible Health Plans are required in adjunct to this type of insurance plan.

High Deductible Health Plans – Also called Catastrophic Health Insurance Coverage. It is an inexpensive health insurance plan which is enabled only after a high deductible is met of at least $1,000 for an individual expense and $2,000 for family-related medical expense.

Managed Care Options

Preferred Provider Organizations – This is charged in a fee-for-service basis. The involved health care providers are paid by the insurer on a negotiated fee and schedule. The cost of services are likely lower if the policy holder chooses an out-of-network provider ad generally required to pay the difference between what the provider charges and what the health insurance plan has to pay.

Point of Service – POS health insurance plans are one of the indemnity type options in which the primary health care providers usually make referrals to other providers within the plan. In the event the doctors make referrals which are out of the plan, that plan pays all or most of the bill. However, if you refer yourself to an outside provider, the service charges may also be covered by the plan but the individual may be required to pay the coinsurance.

Health Maintenance Organizations – It offers access to a network of physicians, health care institutions, health care providers, and a variety of health care facilities. You have the freedom to choose for your personal primary care doctor from a list which may be provided by the HMO and this chosen doctor may coordinate with all the other aspects of your health care. You may speak with your chosen primary doctor for further referrals to a specialist. Generally, you are paying fewer out-of-pocket fees with this type of health insurance plan. However, there are certain instances that you may be often charged of the fees or co-payment for services such as doctor visits or prescriptions.

Government-Sponsored Health Insurance

Indian Health Services – This is part of the Department of Health and Human Services Program offering all American Indians the medical assistance at HIS facilities. Also, HIS helps in paying the cost of the health care services utilized at non-HIS facilities.

Medicaid – This is a federal or s state public assistance program created in the year 1965. These are available for the people who may have insufficient resources to pay for the health care services or for private insurance policies. Medicaid is available in all states. Eligibility levels and coverage benefits may vary though.

Medicare – This is a health care program for people aging 65 and older, with certain disabilities that pays part of the cost associated with hospitalization, surgery, home health care, doctor’s bills, and skilled nursing care.

Military Health Care – This type includes the TRICARE or the CHAMPUS (Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services) and CHAMPVA (Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Department of Veterans Affair). The Department of Veterans Affair (VA) may also provide this service.

State Children’s Health Insurance Program – This is available to children whose low-income parents were not able to qualify for the Medicaid.
State-Specific Plans – This type of plan is available for low income uninsured individuals.

There are many different types of insurance plans that you may have the prerogative to know about. By learning which health care insurance fits your situation, you can avail of the many options that will likely be of great assistance to you in times when you will need it most. Insurance costs have typically become one of the common draw backs in choosing for an insurance quote. However, weighing the benefits will really matter. Make sure that you always read the benefits, terms and conditions before landing to whichever type of health insurance you choose.

Occupational Health – What Is the BIG Picture of OH?

The rapid development of workplace health protective and preventive services has been driven by government strategies and recommendations, as well as by the European Union legislation in the areas of health and safety at work and by the European Commission programme in public health. This was also largely due to the new demands and expectations from employers, employees and their representative bodies as they recognize the economic, social and health benefits achieved by providing these services at the workplace, thus providing the available knowledge and evidence necessary for the continuous improvement of workplace health management. Comprehensive workplace health management is a process involving all stakeholders inside and outside any business. It aims at empowering them to take control over their own health and their family’s health considering environmental, lifestyle, occupational and social health determinants and quality of health care. It is based on health promotion principles and it creates a great challenge to health, environment and safety professionals providing services, advice, information and education to social partners at work. It involves also taking care of considerable socioeconomic interest of all involved stakeholders. It has been shown in several instances that the business utilizing a well managed research based occupational health service can gain a competitive advantage by:

Protecting human health against health and safety hazards occurring in the work environment.
Promoting human health workplaces for all ages and healthy aging by appropriate work culture, work organization and support to social cohesion.
Promoting mental health, healthy lifestyle and preventing major non-communicable diseases using specific workplace health policies and management tools.
Maintaining work ability thus also employability throughout working life.
Reducing health care costs caused by employees’ and employers’ injuries, diseases, illnesses and premature retirement resulting from or influenced by occupational, environmental, life style and social health determinants
Using resources effectively, protecting the natural environment and creating a health supportive environment.
Improving social communication and literacy on health, environment and ethics.

This article series describes the author’s observations of various roles undertaken by the occupational health nurse. Whilst recognizing the wide variation that exists in occupational health nursing practice between different industrial and blue collar environments this series reflects the standards that have already been achieved where occupational health nursing is at its most advanced. However it has to be recognized that the level of education, professional skills and the exiting national legislation determines what role can be actually undertaken by occupational health nurses. Even more important is to remember that no one professional out of the exiting workplace health professions is now capable to meeting all health needs of the working population. A multi-disciplinary approach is needed to effectively manage the growing workplace health and safety demands in business today.

The workplace health services use the skills of many professionals such as specialist occupational physicians, safety engineers, occupational hygienists, occupational health nurses, ergonomists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, laboratory technicians, psychologists and other specialists. The role and tasks actually performed for the companies by representatives of different health and safety professions vary greatly depending upon legislative needs, scope of the workplace health concept perceived by directors, enforcement practice, the level of their education, position in the occupational health infrastructure, actions undertaken by insurance institutions and many other factors. Occupational health nurses are the largest single group of health professionals involved in delivering health services at the workplace and have the most important role to play in the workplace health management. They are at the frontline in helping to protect and promote the health of the nations working population.

The role of the occupational health nurse in workplace health management is a new and exciting concept that is designed to improve the management of health and health related problems in the workplace. Specialist occupational health nurses can play a major role in protecting and improving the health of the working population as part of this strategy. Occupational health nurses can also make a major contribution to the sustainable development, improved competitiveness, job security and increased profitability of businesses and communities by addressing those factors which are related to the health of the working population. By helping to reduce ill health occupational health nurses can contribute to the increased profitability and performance of organizations and reduce health care costs. Occupational health nurses can also help to reduce the externalization of costs onto the taxpayer, by preventing disability and social exclusion, and by improving rehabilitation services at work. By protecting and promoting the health of the working population, and by promoting social inclusion, occupational health nurses can also make a significant contribution towards building a caring social ethos within the UK. This article provides guidance to employers and employees on establishing workplace health management systems within their own organizations. On how to determine and develop the role and functions of the occupational health nursing specialist within each enterprise and where to go for additional help and advice in relation to occupational health nursing.

Changing nature of working life and the new challenges

The world of work has undergone enormous change in the last hundred years. To a large extent the very heavy, dirty and dangerous industries have gone, and the burden of disease, which came with them, in most European countries, has declined. However, the new working environments and conditions of work that have replaced them have given rise to new and different concerns about the health of the working population. Exposure to physical, chemical, biological and psychosocial risk factors at work are now much more clearly linked to health outcomes in the mind of the general public. Expectations of society in regard to health at work have also changed, with increasing demands for better standards of protection at work and for the improvement of the quality of working life. Employers are also recognizing that health-related issues, such as sickness absence, litigation and compensation costs, increasing insurance premiums, are expensive; ignoring them can lead to serious economic consequences. The best employers’ emphasize the important message that good health is good business, and that much can be achieved in this field simply by introducing good management practices.

The Need for Workplace Management

There are approximately 400 million people who work in the EU Member States. The majority of whom spend more than one half of their waking life at work. However, fatal accidents at work are still common. The standardized incident rates per 100,000 workers in the European Union show that the fatal accident rate varies between 1.6 in the UK to 13.9 in Spain, with Austria, Greece, France, Italy and Portugal all above 5.0%. In the entire European region there are approximately 200 to 7500 non-fatal accidents per 100,000 employees per year, of which around 10% are severe leading to over 60 days absence from work, and up to 5%, per year, lead to permanent disability. It has been estimated that the total cost to society of work related injuries and ill health in the European Union is between 185 billion and 270 billion ECU per year, which represents between 2.6% to 3.8% of Gross National Product (GNP) in member states. The cost of workplace accidents and ill health, in both financial and human terms, remains an enormous, largely unrecognized burden in UK. The majority of those accidents and diseases could have been prevented if appropriate action had been taken at the workplace. Many responsible employers have consistently demonstrated that by paying attention to these issues this type of harm and the subsequent costs can be avoided, to the benefit of everyone concerned. Increasing concern is the growing awareness of occupational stress. Up to 42% of workers in a recent survey complained about the high pace of work. Job insecurity, fear of unemployment, lack of a regular salary and the potential loss of work ability are all additional sources of stress, even for those in employment.

The wide ranging social and health effects of occupational stress on the health of the working population are well documented, for example 23% of workers surveyed claimed that they had been absent from work for work related health reasons in the previous twelve months. The resulting cost of sickness absence in United Kingdom is considered to be substantial. In the UK 177 million working days were lost in 1994 as a result of sickness absence; this has been assessed at over 11 billion in lost productivity. HSE statistics are encouraging given in 2009; only 29.3 million days were lost overall, 24.6 million due to work-related ill health and 4.7 million due to workplace injury. Much of this burden of ill health and the resulting sickness absence is caused, or is made worse by working conditions. Even where ill health is not directly caused by work, but by other non-occupational factors such as smoking, lifestyle, diet etc. Interventions designed to improve the health of the working population, delivered at the workplace, may help to reduce still further the burden of ill health. At present the socioeconomic impact of environmental pollution caused by industrial processes on the working population is uncertain, but it is likely to contribute further to the burden of ill health in some communities.